If you’re familiar with how routers work, then you’re probably aware of the two frequencies that routers work on that is 2.4GHz and 5GHz. Each band has its own pros and cons mainly that 5GHz provides a faster throughput for traffic and better media streams. However it also has lesser range and signal penetration. 2.4GHz may have more range but it also has more interference with other devices and appliances such as microwaves, cordless phones etc. Since a lot of routers work on this band, many users face interference, distortion, slow web surfing and buffering streams. If you’re facing bad performance on the 5GHz band, then here are some steps you can consider in order to get more out of your router.
Start by determining the best channel for your 5GHz frequency. If you reside in an area with multiple WiFi networks, a lot of interference might be affecting your router’s signals and range performance as well. So essentially, you will want to select a channel with the least interference and traffic. For this purpose, you’ll need a WiFi analytics tool or software that will determine which channel is least congested in your area or which channels have less traffic and are least used. Depending on what operating system you use, a good example is the WiFi analyzer app on Android or the “inSSIDer” which supports several functionalities and is also available on other platforms. If you’re a less technical user, then you could manually try different channels and see which one works for you and your home network. But keep in mind that effects of interference may vary day to day. A good channel may get crowded and cause problems so you should periodically monitor the network environment to make sure your router is working on the best channel. Usually WiFi connections perform equally well on default channels and don’t usually require to be changed but in certain cases, a lot of neighbors using the same channel may cause bad performance for not only you but their networks as well. At 5GHz, there are four main bands containing several channels each which you will see on the analytical tool.
After you have found the best wireless channel for your bandwidth, you can log in to your router’s administration page and configure it. To find out your router’s IP, enter “Ipconfig” in Command Prompt and the numbers given next to Default Gateway will be your router’s default IP address. Enter the default login information which is usually admin and password, and make sure to change this later in order to increase your security. Depending on what model you own, the tab might differ but it’s usually under “Basic Wireless Settings” or “Advanced Settings”. This will open a wireless setup page. And then under Wireless Network, select the best suitable channel from the drop down menu. Save the settings and reboot your router, making sure it’s connected to the 5GHz frequency and enjoy your router’s optimum performance.