Updating a router’s firmware can be important for several reasons especially if there were bugs in the previous version. It can help increase speed, improve connectivity, and also make the router more secure.
Newer versions are released to fix any defaults present in the previous version. These bugs can make your router more susceptible to being hacked and therefore making updates all the more necessary. Some routers have a built-in automatic updater which will notify you of an update and then automatically download it. But in case you need to check manually, you can follow the given steps.
Firstly, you’ll need to find the IP address of your router and enter it into any web browser. Most routers have it mentioned on the case. You can also find out the IP by writing “ipconfig” in CMD and the numbers mentioned next to Default Gateway will be your IP. After entering this IP in the browser, you’ll access the router’s configuration page.
Some routers don’t allow access the page via WiFi in which case you can directly connect an Ethernet to ensure maximum access to the page. After you’ve opened the page, you will be asked to login with a username and password. The default for most routers is Admin and Password, but if this doesn’t work for you then you can search up the model’s login information.
Depending on what router you use, the section for the update will be mentioned by different names such as Firmware update, Router Upgrade, Update Section, Maintenance, Utilities etc. A “Check now” will be mentioned somewhere at the bottom of this section, which will check for you if there are any new updates ready to be downloaded and installed.
If there’s no update, it will mention so and you can close the page. In case there’s an update ready, depending on the model, it will give you links to download the latest version from, or it will do so automatically. Also in the off chance that there is a new update mentioned but no link given, you’ll have to go the manufacturer’s main site and download it from there.
They will usually have the link to the newest update under their support section. All you have to do is mention your model number and it will show you which version you need to install or update.
If you’re downloading it from the manufacturer’s site, it will download as a ZIP file. Extract the files to any folder. When you go back to the configuration page, an option for “browse” will be mentioned in which case you can select the extracted files and click on Upgrade.
This is usually how it’s given in TP-Link routers but can be different for other models. Restart the router once it’s updated. In case you can’t connect to the router anymore or face some issue in the firmware, reset the router manually and it will restore the router to previously factory default settings.